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BarasinghaBarasingha is the one of the rarest species of deer family spread across central and northern India only in small congregations. The deer is native to India and Nepal. Barasingha are also known as swamp deer. It is much larger than most of the deer but smaller than sambar deer, attain maturity in early ages, weigh around 180 kg and height of about 130 cm. One of their unique features for they are famous antlers, by the time they attain adulthood, develop more than 12 points and attain lengths up to 75 cm. The antlers are also vary from regions. For example in northern Indian Barasingha antlers have a shiner and lighter appearance. Their life expectancy ranges between 20-30 years

They love to live in dry and wet swampy grasslands. For obvious reasons their main diet is grass. They get them from vast grassland of central and northern India. also they feed from the bed of wet swamps. During mating season male body coloration become more of darker brown, coloration of male body indicates that mating season have arrived. Long drawn out mating calls also an indication from male to to female to mate. The breeding season of the swamp deer during the winter months of November and December. They have along gestation period of 6 months. Mother barasingha protect their baby from predator by concealing them in tall grass. The animal has an acute sense of smell and depend on their smelling capacity to sense any danger.

Size And Physical Characteristics

Barasingha is a medium sized deer. Adult barasingha can attain the height of 130 cm and weigh up to 180 kg. Male barasinghas are little larger than female, male has a dense brown coat on their body to make them warm and dry in swampy habitat. Male also change coloration during onset of mating season. Barasingha have special antlers, which can grow up to 75 cm long and more than 12 points. During the summer the coat of barasingha lightens and develop light spots on the back and lateral sides. They have slim tail of whitish complexion.

BarasinghaBarasingha In India

Dudhwa National Park - Dudhwa national park is located in the India Nepal border of Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It covers an area 490 and house a number of wildlifes ranges from swamp deer, chital, hog deer, sambar and rhinos. It is also a famous tiger reserve and and a home of numerous tigers. Barasingha is the main attraction in the park and a secure place for other endangered species.

Kanha National Park - Kanha national park is located in Madhya Pradesh and a renowned place for tigers. But the park’s major achievement is to saved nearly extinct barasingha(swamps deers). It was a landmark achievement by preserve the highly endangered barasingha. Once it only 66 of these in Kanha, but careful conservation and management raised their population to over 400. You can take elephant safari and stroll around the park. The best time to visit the place is within the months of April to June and November to January.

Kaziranga National Park - Kaziranga national park is a world heritage site for its various wildlife. Located in the green valley of Assam in north east India, the park is famous for conservation of one horned rhinos and have made its name in world conservation for rhinos. The park is also a home for many rare barasinghas. Apart from barasinghas, wild buffaloes and wild boars are found. Also Kaziranga is known for various avian populations.

Manas national Park - Manas is situated in Assam spread over an area of 391 sq km, earlier it was known as North Kamrup is also gained the status of world heritage site. The place is to see some royal Bengal tiger. The place is also a rare hard ground for swamp deers(barasingha). Also only one national park ,which holds pride to conserve highly endangered species of golden langur.

Facts About Barasingha
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Cervidae
Genus: Cervus
Size: Body length: 180 cm
Shoulder height: 119 - 124 cm
Weight: 170 - 289 kg
Status : Endangered
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