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Indian Elephant

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Indian ElephantIndian elephants are also known as Asian elephants and are present in India in larger numbers. From India it was distributed from India to Borneo, where now only slim population is exist. Indian elephant is not considered a wild in India and can be seen in even in the busy streets of many well developed cities. Indian elephant plays an important ecological and cultural role in Asia.

Indian elephants are basically nomadic mammals and their habitat varies. Although their favorite place of living is scrub forested area. They are more prone to live in jungles but due to human intrusion in jungles and sliming the green zones, they are gradually shifted to open space and grass. In India elephant numbers have tripled in the last 3 years.

Elephants are herbivores and a voracious eater. They can spend 20 hours in a day to clean all the fodder, grass and all greens, which they find in their way. In addition they drink at least 22 gallons of water every day. The combined length of small and large intestine is about 100ft and take 24 hours to digest a meal. They prefer to feed on grass but they also eat bark, roots and leaves. They also destroy many of cultivated land and love to eat rice, bananas and sugar cane. Their group consists of 2 to 10 female elephant and their offspring. Offspring are attached with female elephants and starts to move out of their group when they attain the age of 6-7 years. Male elephants are solitary animal and get contact with a group in the time of mating. They have a special characteristics of spreading musth, a scent that prepare for the intense competition for female and mating right.

Size And Physical Characteristics

Indian elephants are much smaller in size than their African cousins. They reach up to a height of 10 feet and weigh about 7000-11000 pounds. Large and heavy feet with slow pace is trademark of an elephant. They have thick sole that absorb shock and cushion legs when walking and running. Male elephants have protruded incisors that commonly known as tusks or ivories. They can be 5 feet in length. They are useful tool for elephants as these tusks help them to dig, clear debris and carry logs up to 1 ton in weight. Other animal, which has a tusks is Walrus. The skin color of Indian elephants is dark grey to brown with patches of pink on their forehead, the ears, the base of the trunk and chest.

Elephant sometimes scrapes the ground with its forefeet when grasses are too short, they have this strange habit of rubbing the ground until a loose pile of of grasses is formed, then sweeps the pile with their ivories.


Indian ElephantIndian Elephants In India
Periyar National Park - The Periyar national park is located in the hills of western ghats of south India. it is located in the Indian state Kerala spread over the 777 sq.km and flaunt a picturesque lake in the middle of the park. There are plenty of flora and fauna to be seen this park. Main attractions are tiger, nilgiri tahr, nilgiri langur and the Indian elephants. The elephants strolling inside the park in a group create a major attraction among tourists.

Bandipur National Park - Bandipur national park is a beautiful forest located in Karnataka. Spreading over an area of 865 sq.kms , Bandipur is a tiger reserve. Bandipur is special place for Indian elephants, beside elephants, sambar, spotted deer,gaur, flying squirrel, golden jackal sloth bear and many more. The best seasons to visit the Bandipur National Park is between the months of April and October.

Kaziranga National Park - Kaziranga national park is renowned for rhinos. The place is one of the world heritage site. Apart from rhinos there are plenty of other animals that lure thousands of visitors every month. Kaziranga national park is situated in Assam and spread over 430 sq.km. The national park is known for the park of giants because of its huge dwellers like rhinos, wild buffaloes, sambar deer, swamp deer, tigers and of course Indian elephants. There you can also take elephant safari for strolling around the park. The place is in the region of high rainfall zone and best time to visit the place is during November to April.

Kanchenjunga National Park- The place is located in the picturesque valley of Sikkim and span over an area of 850 sq.kms. the place is also called biosphere reserve. The park is a home of some very endangered species like musk deer, snow leopard, and Himalayan tahr, Himalayan black bear, red panda, rattle snake and russell viper. The place is a home of Indian elephants. The place is also an ideal place for trekking. The best seasons to encounter the wildlife of the national park is between April to May and August to October.

Facts About Indian Elephants

Scientific Name - Elephas maximus
Subspecies - E.m.maximus, E.m.indicus, E.m.sumatranus.
Life Span - Asian elephants live for 70 years.
Statistics - Body Length: 5.5-6.40m, Shoulder height: 2.5-3m, Weight: Male: 5000kg, Female: 3000kg, Tail length: 1-1.3m.
Diet: Vegetarian diet including grasses, bamboo, bark, succulent climbers, legumes, creepers and palms.
Distribution: India, Sri Lanka and further south and east as far as Sumatra
Reproduction: Give birth to one calf after a gestation period of 18-22 months (every three to four years).
Conservation Status: Asian elephants are classified as Endangered
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