Regarded since times immemorial as sacred, the modern city of Ujjain is
situated at the riverbank of Shipra. In the churning of ocean for Amrit
(nectar) and the following chase of gods by thedemons, it is said that some
drop had fallen in the Shipra river of the then Ujjaini. Ujjain is the
modern name for Ujjayini. Shiva and avantika had changed the name of
Avantika to Ujjaini after winning it from the hands of demon ruler.The
bathing ritual at Simhastha defies description due to its magnificence and
devotion. The festival begins with a full moon (considered holy and called a
Purnima) and ends in a full moon, during the months April-May (Chaitra-
Baisakh according to Hindu mythology). The colorful and lively Ujjain is a
piece of example those days.
Ujjain is a colorful religious city. Near to the main city the ruins of the
ancient city of Ujjaini could be seen. The ruins, the temples and the
deep-devoted Hindu culture give the city pristine and peaceful looks. The
soil in Ujjain is black and stony fulfilling the ancient city look with
vegetation typical of arid regions (thorny trees like Babul and Acacia
dominating the landscape). Soybean, wheat, Jowar and Bajra are the main
crops grown in Ujjain.
Ujjain is also full of many sacred temples and shrines, which are
considered sacred by the devotees all around the globe. Bade Ganeshji ka
Mandir (for huge Ganesh idol and its beauty), Chintaman Ganesh (the Ganesh
idol is swyambhu, borne itself), Pir Matsyendranath, Bhatrihari caves,
Kaliadeh Palace, Harsiddhi temple (Persian architecture), Gopal Mandir
(Maratha architecture), Navagraha Mandir (dedicated to nine planets),
Mahakaleshwar, The Ved shala (observatory) and Sandipani Ashram are famous
destinations in Ujjain. Mahashivratri (festival of worshipping Lord Shiva),
the simhasta (for majestic procession which sees more than 3 Crores of
people) and the Kumbh Mela are majestic festivals held every year at Ujjain.
The name of great poet, kalidas is attached to Ujjain.
- This is lord Shiva mandir, which has 12
Jyotirlingas. The temple is dedicated to Omkareshwara Shiva blessed in the
holy place above the Mahakal shrine. The wall of the temple is carved of
Ganesh, Parvati, and god and goddess images. The temple was destroyed by
Iititmush in 1235 but again rebuilt in 19th century.
Bade Ganeshji Ka Mandir
- The temple is dedicated to Lord Ganesha and
have imges of sculptured images of lord Ganesha. The temple is in the
neighborhood of another revered temple known as Kaleshwar temple.
- This temple is one of the ancient temples in
India and pilgrimage all over India throng this temple every year in winter.
The idol is believed to a self-formed and not man made thats also a reason
of so much respect for the temple.
- The caves are lcocated in a serene environment on
the bank of river Shipra near Gadkalika temple. The cave was named after
great scholar poet Bhartrihari who lived and meditated here and the place is
now a well known tourist spot.
The temple is also very ancient and known for its famous
paintings done in Malwa style.
Not To Overlook-Excursions From Ujjain
- Indore has a pleasant mix of history and modernness, this is
one of the popular tourist destinations in Madhya Pradesh. The Indore
history owes to founder of Holkar Dynasty,Malhar Rao Holkar. The city has
number of tourist spots incudes Gomatgiri,the 24 beautiful marble temples,
Khajrana,which is a famous Ganesh temple. The town hall is also an
architectural marvel of Indo-Gothic style. One of the main attraction of
Indore is Lal Bag Palace, which is a lovely garden with lots of historical
- Mandu or Mandavgarh is a ruined city of great historical
importance in Madhya Pradesh. It has all the forts, large number of decrepit
palaces and other buildings. The oldest mosque in Mandu is from 1405, the
finest is Jama Masjid ,which is a fine example of Pastun architecture. the
dome of the moswe is also very beautiful.
- Orchha is a small town,which is renowned for its rich
architecture splendor. The small place is embellished with number of
palaces, temples and other buildings. Some of the notable palaces and
mandirs are the Sheesh Mahal, the Chhatris, Rai Parveen mahal, Jehangir
mahal and Laxminarayan temple.
- Kanha national park is one of the few national park in
India,which conserve the endangered and wild animals. The jungle is covered
with sal and bamboo forests where you can easily sneak peak into tigers den
or see the herds of Barasingha(swamp deer). Not only animal but Kanha is
also famous for countless birds and some of them are rare and migratory one.
- Ujjain is situated between 23 degree North latitude and 73
degree east longitude. Its geographic location is unique in the sense that
the tropic of cancer passes through it. It is at a distance of 56 km from
Indore. The districts of Dewas, Mandsaur, Neemuch, Shajapur, and Ujjain fall
in the Ujjain Division of Madhya Pradesh. The Ujjain-city fall in a district
with the same name, Ujjain.
- Falling in the central part of India, Ujjain is hot during
summer but comfortable during winter. In the summers the temperature could
go up to 40 degree Celsius while in the winters it could range within 11 -
28 degree Celsius.
How To Reach?
- The nearest airport to Ujjain is Indore. There are daily
flights from Indore to Mumbai , Kolkata, Delhi, Bhopal and Ahmadabad.
- There are mainly three major railway stations in Ujjain,
that include Ujjain City Junction, Vikram Nagar and Chintaman (metre gauge).
There are regular trains that connect Ujjain to other important cities in
- The major roads that connect Ujjain to other cities in
India include Agar Road, Indore Road, Dewas Road, Maksi Road and Badnagar
Road. A huge number of private buses ply on these roads.
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